1) Tao Te Ching – Lao Tzu
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Lao Zi is a rather strange phenomenon in the history of human philosophy. He was a great philosopher, affecting both the Asian as Confucius, yet the Chinese nation are respected, not as Mozi whose names sank always in two thousand years; somewhat longer than Confucius because never been cruel cursing as they Confucianism in seven or eight decades; but from 165 years (Han dynasty) is the Taoist religion even as Thai Thuong Lao Quan, one of three of their supreme deity.
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2) Chuang Tzu – Zhuang Zi
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Chuang Tzu was the god knows full function support feet, so swaggering mettle, distractions…. Talk about landing a great subliminal perhaps, may feel that can not be uttered in words normally duality, so he resorting to “fable” and resorted to “identical language” which makes enlightening. That’s how that particular user to abstract interpretation. When the user to “read the language” ie blurted out, regardless of the historical right or not. So his literary fantasies like flowers in front mirrors, Moon on Water: nowhere but really, really, but perhaps nowhere … as colorful Act. It is a far cry from the text of the Hundred Schools of Thought.
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3) The Republic – Plato
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“Republican” is the most famous works of Plato and one of these works have the greatest impact on the development of philosophical thought and political theory. Work tables in many fields: theology, ethics, metaphysics, psychology, pedagogy, political science, and art theory. The problems of modern philosophy are set out here. The main character in the works is Socrates along with many scholars Athens and the place to discuss the meaning of justice. This is a work in which Plato wrote in honor of his deceased teacher – Socrates.
“Republic” Plato is considered the milestone of Western philosophy. Although the main theme is about an ideal state but it revolves around education, psychology, ethics and politics. In the main section of the “Republic”, Plato uses the myth to explore the nature of reality, conveying a perception of human prediction and the role of philosophy in establishing freedom . He imagines a cave where the man chained from birth, just to be friends with his own shadow. The role of human philosophy is to get out of the shadow, and guide themselves to the fact. This is the nature of the pursuit of wisdom, but not an ideal state does not do.
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4) Phenomenology of Spirit – Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
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It can be asserted with certainty that phenomenology spirit is one of the hardest work and most ambitious in the world’s cultural treasures philosophy. Nevertheless, in spite of W. Winderlband identified over 100 years ago, “Like people who can understand the atmospheric phenomenology of Hegel’s spirit is on track to extinction. Now, even some people who take the time to read my works, from start to finish to make also only counted on the fingers alone, “the phenomenology spirit still keeps magic anomalies. And want to learn about Hegel no other way we have to start with the phenomenological spirit – the first major work and also the work of his genius.
Knowing how high mountains, which for over 200 years, not a philosophy student does severance original dream day pass, a philosopher does not hide the idea one day climb up the giant shoulder . And maybe, just Goethe – eminent poet of Germany – the “adult” only dare to honestly admit incomprehensible The Phenomenology of Spirit Hegel despite repeatedly explaining himself.
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5) The Critique of Pure Reason – Immanuel Kant
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Critique of Pure Reason is the place crystallizing the critical comments on many philosophical movement earlier (from Plato to Christian Wolff), who is also the starting point and the point of reference of classical philosophy (idealistic) German (Fichte, Schelling, Hegel) and has a profound effect on the development of philosophy and Western science to this day. Its impact goes beyond the professional realm of philosophy. “Two features of the works are: on the one hand, the critique of traditional metaphysics rocked base-theological metaphysics of traditional worldview and so is the forum of “reasonable human nature” to force everything to be subjected to” examine and criticize freely and openly. “On the other hand, works to develop basic premise to realize the freedom and autonomy of man as a rational creature, creating the basis for self-awareness and moral law of modern society.”
Critique of Pure Reason to survey the entire human perception, not only to the extent of thinking theory but also in practice the range of human behavior. With the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant wants to talk about: the human knowledge of what kind of knowledge? Humans can know what and what can not? Kant wrote the Critique of Pure Reason to delineate limits of human reason, which aims to show the people know can not use scientific knowledge is the product of experience to achieve the object of Metaphysics .
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6) Thus Spoke Zarathustra – Friedrich Nietzsche
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Nietzsche names horror spreading fear for the weak-minded and mean brutal, immoral, unethical, morbid, obsessive, lonely, no mercy, no religion, no country, no job, no obligation. With blooded soul Nietzsche, Nietzsche was a happy man brave saint, brought out his bloody flesh poured into a loud scream to wake the human (Heidegger), a martyr to die amid misery for earthly virtues have not yet known, a Bodhisattva-Technology Career-Master (Bodhisattva-artist, Henry Miller). For everyone, life Nietzsche, Nietzsche’s thought is a question mark with fire, a “terrible question mark” set for two thousand years the Western tradition (Eugen Fink).
With Nietzsche, arises a new era, the era of the philosophers “philosophy with a hammer”; hammer beating pour Nierzsche devastating, Nietzsche’s words exploded grumble shelter, so on the shattered ruins it Dawn flashed a new manifestation of humanity, in which people are freed from the former communication ethics: freed from the “truth”: the spirit of freedom, liberation from the greatest peril century: nihilism. people are relieved nihilist.
Zarathustra is the name of the prophet foretold the appearance of this new type. Zarthustra spoke like redraw spiritual journey across the heavens alone Saturday, heavens ultimate loneliness, of a pioneer who, with joyful, passionate, temptation, fight, defeat, doubt ecstatic, to open up the possibility for a new humanity, a new hope for men to listen to sing a new song. Mankind is living in the “prehistory”, not a true human values ; front man is the desert, the back is nowhere. What to do to build a new human embryos in long sunsets today?
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